About the book
Ginseng is the most popular Chinese medicine, one of the most commonly used herbal medicines and has a wide variety of medicinal and pharmacological applications. Ginseng is a common term for plants belonging to the genus Panax, a name that means ""all-curing"" in Greek, and Panax ginseng (Meyer) has been used as a top-quality herb in many traditional medicines or as tonic for over 2000 years. Emblematic of a whole set of plants that have been qualified as adaptogens, it competes with another Araliacea, American ginseng, Panax quinquefolium or other pseudo-ginsengs including Dendropanax morbifera, Gynostemma plantphylum, Withania sominifera, Codonopsis lanceolata, Eleutherococcus senticosus, and Panax vietnamensis.
Ginseng preparation possesses a wide range of benefits to human health. The most beneficial phytochemicals in the Panax species, the ginsenosides (aka ginseng saponins or triterpene saponins), are unique to ginseng species. They have numerous therapeutic benefits, including neuroprotection, vasorelaxation, antioxidation, anticancer, antistress, anti-inflammatory, antiaging, antifatigue and anti-inflammation. Approximately 100 ginsenoside compounds have been identified. Researchers are now focused on using purified individual ginsenoside to reveal the specific mechanism of functions of ginseng. Among them, the most commonly studied ginsenosides are Rb1, Rg1, Rg3, Re, Rd and Rh1.
Various technologies, such as bioconversion, biotechnology and nanobiotechnology, have been used to overcome the limits that arise in the molecular size of ginsenosides and are used in various products.
The molecular mechanisms and medicinal uses of ginsenosides have gained a strong interest and hundreds of papers have been written in recent years. Ginsenosides exhibit complicated bioactive effects and regulate several metabolic pathways, and thus their efficacy is interconnected and needs to be clarified. The most recent research on the therapeutic potential of ginsenosides has reported molecular mechanisms for their action against cardiovascular disease, inflammation, endocrine perturbations, immune system diseases, or nervous system diseases. Although multiple functional studies have been performed to explain traditional beliefs about these plants using evidence-based research, more work is required to improve therapeutic values with empirical datasets.
This book will cover the botanical description and complexity of ""Ginseng"" species, phytochemistry, traditional and biotechnological production systems, traditional uses, modern applications, including future directions for the further development of ginseng compounds as effective therapeutic agents.