About the book
Cardiovascular disease is a global health burden responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. It is an enormous burden on healthcare systems and detrimental to socioeconomic progress.
Dietary need for macronutrients should be finely balanced with that of excess. The health benefits of a balanced diet are well established.
The ‘optimal diet’ for cardiovascular health is a matter of considerable controversy. The majority of the literature basis for this has been derived from data from high-income countries, yet over 80 percent of deaths from cardiovascular disease occur in low and middle-income countries. The role of excess macronutrients, in particular, glucose, cholesterol and alcohol are directly related to increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Global food systems and global dietary patterns are related to the diverse global incidence of cardiovascular disease. Whilst most macronutrients present with increased risk when consumed in excess, debilitating cardiovascular diseases are also associated in situations of prolonged deprivation of macronutrients, such as those seen in protein malnutrition and in anorexia nervosa.
Food production and sustainability are embedded both in the agricultural production from an economic perspective and the human need for a country, especially low and middle-income countries. Regulation by governments through food policy needs to consider the impact on the health of the population, especially with respect to cardiovascular disease risk.