About the book
Accurate clock synchronization is a key issue in many applications at different scales, from digital integrated circuits to distributed factory automation and control systems, or even position systems. Very different technical challenges have to be faced by the clock synchronization system designer depending on the intended application, but several common issues exist for all clock synchronization systems.
This book aims to introduce general concepts about clock synchronization describing clock generation techniques and the properties of oscillators, phase-locked loops and in general of frequency synthesizers. Also welcome are topics that describe clock synchronization for digital ICs and the pertaining low-latency clock domain crossing techniques based on clock phase adjustment and standards for clock synchronization, such as the IEEE1588 and the Precision Time Protocol. Moreover, the book aims to describe the issues of sub-nanosecond synchronization in distributed systems on scales from a few tens of meters to a few tens of kilometers.