About the book
The energy consumption of the world is being increased, and according to International Energy Agency (IEA) reports, humanity will require much more energy by 2050. Therefore, the world will be faced with an imminent energy dilemma in the 21st century. To overcome this upcoming challenge, mankind needs to harness the power of the sun to supply the additional energy requirement.
Solar radiation is the radiant energy that originated from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation at various wavelengths. Solar radiation is the source of renewable energy and can be captured and converted into various forms of energy (e.g. electricity and heat) using different technologies.
A very vast amount of solar energy reaches the atmosphere and surface of the earth and solar energy has been used for heating purposes for a very long-time and after solar cells’ invention in 1954, solar cells have also been used widely for electricity generation. Solar cells convert the sunlight into electricity by the creation of voltage and electric current through the so-called photovoltaic effect.
Photovoltaic (PV) solar energy has attracted significant attention in the recent decade as a reliable source for power generation due to various merits such as the free source of energy, abundant materials resources, environmentally friendly and noise-free, longtime service life, requiring low maintenance, technological advancements, market potential, and very importantly, low cost. The growth of using photovoltaic (PV) solar energy as a promising renewable energy technology, is being increased more and more worldwide. Therefore, much further research is needed for possible future developments in the field of solar photovoltaic energy.
The aim of this book is to provide detailed information about solar radiation as the source of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy for a broad range of readership including undergraduate and postgraduate students, young or experienced researchers and engineers.
This should be accomplished by addressing the various technical and practical aspects of solar radiation fundamentals, modeling and the measurement for photovoltaic (PV) solar energy applications.
The majority of this book should describe the basic, modern, and contemporary knowledge and technology of extraterrestrial and terrestrial solar irradiance for photovoltaic (PV) solar energy.
The book covers the most recent developments, innovation and applications concerning the following topics:
• Fundamental of solar radiation and photovoltaic solar energy
• Solar radiation and photovoltaic solar energy potential
• Solar irradiance measurement: techniques, instrumentation and uncertainty analysis
• Solar radiation modeling for photovoltaic solar energy applications
• Solar monitoring and data quality assessment
• Solar resource assessment and photovoltaic system performance
• Solar energy and photovoltaic power forecasting
These are accompanied with other useful research topics and material.