About the book
Soil is the most common growing media used for crops throughout the world as it provides adequate support, nutrition, air, and water required for the optimum growth of plants. However, today, due to climate change, soil-borne diseases, the presence of nematodes, and drainage problems, production in soil have some serious limitations, which affects the sustainability and safety of food production. The challenges facing soil-based agriculture have led to the development of soilless agriculture, which is based on the principle that plants need nutrients, rather than the soil itself. Soilless farming refers to growing a wide range of crops, particularly horticultural crops, in different growing media or in substrates other than soil (substrate culture) or in aerated nutrient solution (water culture). Soilless culture practices in the world emerged from the fact that the traditional agricultural production will not be enough to meet the food requirements that are needed for the rapidly increasing world population. The primary advantage of soilless agriculture is that it is independent of the negative effects of climate change and chemical pollution (temperature and soil intensity variations, drought, salinity, soil degradation, low biodiversity, toxicity, and diseases).
This book aims to present up-to-date information on soilless culture types; how to manage plant nutrition, fertilizer use, organic cultivation, plant diseases, and plant protection in soilless agriculture; the use of smart agricultural tools; the evaluation of carbon and water footprint as well as the economical aspects of soilless agriculture.