About the book
The cerebral cortex is the most elegant and sophisticated structure of the brain, which plays a dominant role in elaborating the sensory perception, the voluntary motion, the memory and judgment, the emotions and behavior, the interior life and thinking, the speech and linguistic skills, the art and music, the learning and the creativity, as well as the philosophy and the programming of the life. The personhood and the social performance of the human being is organized and modulated by the cortex of the brain hemispheres. Each cortical area of the lobes of the brain hemispheres plays a particular and substantial role in the organization and harmonization of the mental faculties, in the self-control and the emotional stability, in self-identification and social interactions of the man, shaping also the rational profile and the existential dimensions of Being. In cases of cortical degeneration, such as in dementias, the disorganization of the neuronal networks in the cortex of the lobes induces serious alterations in the mental activities and disrupts the homeostatic equilibrium of the patients.
In this book the authors will attempt to describe the cerebral cortex of each one of the lobes of the brain hemispheres from the structural viewpoint (electron microscope) as well as their function in health and disease. The clinical syndromes of the frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital and insular cortices will be described on the basis of new data from the fields of neurogenetics, neurochemistry, neuroimmunology, neuroimaging, electron microscopy and neuropsychology. Perspectives on new therapeutic endeavors for debilitating conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias will also be provided in the pages of this book.