About the book
Animals, plants, fruits, vegetables, and microorganisms synthesize a range of bioactive metabolites with proven beneficial effects on human health, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, immunomodulatory, and anti-obesity activities. Among them are carotenoids, chlorophylls, phenolic compounds, sterols, fatty acids, polysaccharides, proteins, peptides, and amino acids that perform specialized functions at the biological level. Knowledge of the biosynthetic routes and the factors that influence regulation and accumulation are fundamental for monitoring and optimizing the production of these valuable metabolites. Recently, the support of advanced technologies involving genetic engineering, for example, has significantly promoted the mass production of compounds.
Thus, this book aims to provide the reader with recent advances in the knowledge acquired on the biosynthesis of bioactive metabolites, including distribution, regulatory mechanisms, accumulation induction, the influence of environmental conditions, and the impact of the use of advanced technologies.