About the book
Agriculture plays an important role in the economic development of a nation. Agronomy is the branch of agriculture which deals with various practices for cultivation of field crops, e.g. cereal crops (wheat, maize, rice, etc.), oil-seed crops (soybean, sunflower, canola, etc.), pulse crops (chickpea, lentils, mung bean, etc.), and other crops (fodder, fiber, etc.). Agronomy is the science and technology of using field crops for food, fuel, feed, and fiber. The "Agronomy" book will provide the reader with the importance of agronomy and agricultural information on how to grow and care for field crops in different environments. Factors such as climate, soils, water, weeds, insects and other pests, and diseases pose significant losses of yield per unit area and food security. Climate changes can disrupt crop productivity, food availability, reduce access to food, and affect food quality, and so increase problems with food security. Climate changes refer to major changes in temperature, precipitation, or wind patterns, among others, that occur over several decades or longer. Food security is the key challenge under climate changes that is highly vulnerable because of continuously changing climatic patterns. Food security, which is the condition of having enough food to provide adequate nutrition for a healthy life, is a critical issue. Sustainable crop production is important for food self-sufficiency and food security in changing climates. In this book, the use of climate-smart agricultural practices to improve crop productivity and food security will be discussed. Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is defined as the sustainable increase in productivity, by enhancing resilience (adaptation), reducing/removing greenhouse gases (GHGs; mitigation) where possible, and enhancing achievements in national food security and development goals. The purpose of the book "Agronomy" is an attempt to present a comprehensive overview of agronomy importance for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This book will be very useful for students, researchers, technologists, scientists, and policy makers in the fields of agronomy and agriculture.