About the book
Black phosphorus or phosphorene is a two-dimensional single-sheet or multiple-sheets material based on phosphorus. It is a strong competitor to graphene since it has a tunable bandgap, that is, it can be electronically modulated by modifying its thickness and without modifying the fundamental structure as required in the case of graphene. Also, it was synthesized as a layered semiconducting allotrope in 1963, and since then presented a high carrier mobility and strong in-plane anisotropy. Besides, it was isolated as a single layer for the first time in 2014 by mechanical exfoliation. It has received renewed attention due to its potential applications in areas such as optoelectronics and electronics. This book directs its spanning into the methods of synthesis, properties, computational quantum mechanical modeling, applications in electronics, optoelectronics, and the medical area of the black phosphorus. Among the applications that have been developed so far based on black phosphorus are thermoelectric devices, lithium-ion batteries, sodium-ion batteries, magnesium-ion batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries, supercapacitors, gas sensors, field-effect transistors, photocatalysts, photodetectors, solar cells, field emitters, biosensors, logic circuits, memory devices, photothermal therapy, photodynamic therapy, drug delivery, theranostics, and bioimaging.
The book is aimed at presenting the progress of the state of the art of achievements made by researchers around the world working on the technological development and scientific research related to phosphorene during this decade and a prospective of the following decades in a foreseeable future.