Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Corals - From Shallow to Deep Waters

Michela Angiolillo

Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale


Eva Salvati

Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale


Coral assemblages Shallow coral reefs Mesophotic coral reefs Deep-water corals Biogeography Connectivity Biodiversity Species interactions Fishing impact Precious corals harvesting Climate change Conservation measures

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About the book

This book will summarize the current status of research on major sessile taxa which belong to the Cnidaria phylum and able to form bioconstructions and/or forests on both hard and soft sea bottoms (i.e., sessile Hydrozoa and/or Anthozoa such as Antipatharia, Alcyonacea, Pennatulacea and Scleractinia). In particular, the book will address gaps in coral research and studied taxa. The so called “animal forest” provides several ecosystem services such as food, protection, and nursery for the associated fauna. It plays an important role in local hydrodynamics and biogeochemical cycles near the sea floor and also acts as a carbon sink. Animal forests are highly productive ecosystems and contribute to biosphere health. During the last decades increasing evidence of importance of these peculiar assemblages emerged, and at the same time drastic changes in marine ecosystems occurred due to human-induced impacts, especially on benthic ecosystems. In fact, due to a diverse number of natural and anthropogenic stressors, corals from shallow to deepest waters have shown a severe decline over the past few decades, showing a dramatic loss of biomass and biodiversity all over the world. An increasing scientific and management interest, in particular on mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs) and cold water corals (CWCs) is expressed in the last decades. Despite the growing evidence of their importance, scientific knowledge on deeper communities is still in its early stages. This book proposes to analyze several aspects regarding distribution, complexity, ecology, biodiversity, connectivity, species interactions, community organization, and impact on coral assemblages following a pattern of depth, starting from shallow water, passing through mesophotic, and up to the deepest ones, distinguishing between hard and soft substrates, and presenting the most recent discoveries of coral presence in the deepest waters. Moreover, the history of research in the field, describing different approaches needed to study corals in shallow and deep sea can be presented. Considering the vulnerability to several anthropic stressors, a part of the book should address the status of conservation of coral forests and needed information on implementation of sustainable management measures.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: October 21st 2019

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: January 10th 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: March 30th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: May 29th 2020

All chapters are copy-checked and typesetted before being published. IntechOpen regularly submits its books to major databases for evaluation and coverage, including the Clarivate Analytics Book Citation Index in the Web of ScienceTM Core Collection. Other discipline-specific databases are also targeted, such as Web of Science's BIOSIS Previews.

About the editor

Michela Angiolillo

Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale

Dr. Michela Angiolillo is a research scientist in marine ecology at ISPRA (Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research). She graduated in 2005 (MSc in environmental marine sciences) and received her PhD degree in polar science from the University of Siena, Italy in 2010. She has been involved in several multidisciplinary research projects regarding ecology of marine ecosystem engineering species of the Mediterranean Sea and regularly participates in national and international oceanographic cruises. Her major research interests are ecological assessment and biocenotic characterization of Mediterranean cold water corals (CWC), by studying coral occurrence, abundance, diversity, and spatial distribution in large-scale, using mostly non-invasive methods such as Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) technology. She also studies the occurrence and spatial distribution patterns of marine litter on seafloor, linking this with the interaction and impact on deep benthic organisms. Her research aims to achieve a comprehensive understanding of CWC ecology and the variability of their responses to environmental features and human induced stressors, and she applies her studies to the conservation and sustainable management of these fragile marine ecosystems of deep areas of the Mediterranean Sea.

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As an Author Service Manager my responsibilities include monitoring and facilitating all publishing activities for authors and editors. From chapter submission and review, to approval and revision, copyediting and design, until final publication, I work closely with authors and editors to ensure a simple and easy publishing process. I maintain constant and effective communication with authors, editors and reviewers, which allows for a level of personal support that enables contributors to fully commit and concentrate on the chapters they are writing, editing, or reviewing. I assist authors in the preparation of their full chapter submissions and track important deadlines and ensure they are met. I help to coordinate internal processes such as linguistic review, and monitor the technical aspects of the process. As an ASM I am also involved in the acquisition of editors. Whether that be identifying an exceptional author and proposing an editorship collaboration, or contacting researchers who would like the opportunity to work with IntechOpen, I establish and help manage author and editor acquisition and contact.

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