About the book
Diptera drives from two Greek words, di means two and pteron means wings. The insects belong to this order are true flies with single pair of membraneous wings. The hindwings are modified into mecheno-sensory organs called as halteres. It is a large order with about 1,000,000 species including black flies, crane flies, horse-flies, hoverflies, mosquitoes, robber flies and others. They have a movable head, with a pair of large compound eyes, one pair of antennae or it may be absent, and mouthparts aimed for piercing and sucking or lapping and sucking. Their wings arrangement support them in flight, and claws and pads on their feet enable them to cling to smooth surfaces. They are endopterygotes and holometabolous. Larvae are mostly platyform called as maggots. Fruit flies are used as model organisms in research, but mosquitoes are vectors for malaria, dengue, West Nile fever, yellow fever, encephalitis, and other infectious diseases, and houseflies, commensal with humans all over the world, spread food-borne illnesses. Others are tissues decomposers, considered to be the vultures of the insect world, with the ability to recognize decomposing bodies over vast distances and in any landscape type. They can travel for 20 km in a day.