About the book
Abdominal wall and hernia surgery constitute the most frequent surgical procedures performed by abdominal and general surgeons. A hernia is a prolapse of the membrane lining a cavity due to a defect in the wall of the cavity. Some examples of hernia are Indirect inguinal, Direct inguinal, Femoral, Umbilical, Para-umbilical, Epigastric, Ventral (incisional), Grynfeltt (superior lumbar), Petit (inferior lumbar), Spigelian, Schwalbe, Bochdalek, Morgagni, and Hiatus.
A femoral hernia is a ventral hernia commonly encountered by surgeons in clinical practice, although less common than an inguinal hernia. A femoral hernia often needs an emergency operation because of incarceration or strangulation.
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a developmental closure defect, resulting in discontinuity of the diaphragm. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is a complex abnormality. The prognosis remains very poor if the defect is severe and prognostic factors are compound. Mortality and morbidity rates remain high despite modern and intensive care.
Lumbar hernia is the protrusion of intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal contents through a defect of the posterolateral abdominal wall. Para-duodenal hernias also known as mesocolic hernias are congenital and derive from embryonic peritoneal anomalies and associated abnormal intestinal rotation. These patients usually present with chronic abdominal pain and vomiting with or without signs of intestinal obstruction.
Obturator hernia, protrusion of abdominal content through the obturator foramen, is a rare type of abdominal wall hernia. Late patient presentation is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Accurate pre-operative diagnosis of obturator hernia is usually difficult, and most patients are operated as intestinal obstruction of unknown cause.
This book will aim to provide readers with types of hernia, diagnosis and treatment.