About the book
Microbes are essential components of ecosystem. The existence of microbes in rhizosphere support or inhibit the plant growth naturally. The detection of suitable plant growth promoting microbes help to improve the crop yield and sustain to survive in adverse environmental conditions including soil salinity, drought, high and low temperatures, infections from pathogens and pests. Similarly, the industrially valuable products are prepared from the diverse range of microbes present in the rhizosphere or soil. The interaction of microbes with medicinal plants enhances the synthesis of various secondary metabolites, those used as drugs. The bacteria and fungi are major groups of microbes secreting plant growth promoting substances, enzymes and other metabolites, which are playing vital role to enhance the productivity of economically important plants. Several species of bacteria and fungi have been utilized to decompose the organic materials, toxic compounds, plastics and make the soil become fertile. On the other hand, it reduces the chemical usage in agricultural field, which leads to decrease the soil pollutants. Although several studies have revealed that some of the important bacteria and fungi are useful for human kinds, the aim of this book would be updated for newly identified microbes for their human welfare.