Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Ecosystem and Biodiversity of Amazonia

Heimo Mikkola

University of Eastern Finland


River Basin Rainforest Ecosystem Structure Ecosystem Management Biodiversity Uncontrolled Fires Deforestation Agriculture Slash and Burn Human History Industrial Activities Human-Wildlife Conflicts

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About the book

Amazonia is the largest continuous river basin and rainforest ecosystem in the world. Amazon river basin covers 7 million square km of which 5.5 million are covered by the rainforest belonging to nine nations: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. This rainforest was formed during the Eocene era (from 56 million to 34 million years ago). There have been many climate fluctuations during the 55 million years, but never before are "the lungs of the world" at bigger risk than now due to uncontrolled fires, expanding agriculture and heavy industrial development in the forms of oil drilling, mining and hydroelectric dams. Some politicians are accusing the nine owner nations of not doing enough to save half of the planet's remaining rainforests but due to the global importance, it would be better to see the protection as a common task of all human beings.

This book aims to present both the anthropological, biological and industrial problems but also to seek the best solutions to solve these problems. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazonia constituting the largest collection of living plants and animals. The danger is now that we will lose a large part of this biodiversity even before knowing all species that existed in that vast and little-studied area. This book will present the most urgent research needs in relation to biodiversity.

Publishing process

Book initiated and editor appointed

Date completed: June 17th 2020

Applications to edit the book are assessed and a suitable editor is selected, at which point the process begins.

Chapter proposals submitted and reviewed

Deadline Extended: Open for Submissions

Potential authors submit chapter proposals ready for review by the academic editor and our publishing review team.

Approved chapters written in full and submitted

Deadline for full chapters: September 6th 2020

Once approved by the academic editor and publishing review team, chapters are written and submitted according to pre-agreed parameters

Full chapters peer reviewed

Review results due: November 25th 2020

Full chapter manuscripts are screened for plagiarism and undergo a Main Editor Peer Review. Results are sent to authors within 30 days of submission, with suggestions for rounds of revisions.

Book compiled, published and promoted

Expected publication date: January 24th 2021

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About the editor

Heimo Mikkola

University of Eastern Finland

Heimo Mikkola received his PhD degree in Applied Zoology and Limnology from the University of Kuopio, Finland. Since 1988, he has been an adjunct Professor of the Eastern Finland University through which he has lately been a part-time visiting professor in three different universities in Almaty, Kazakhstan, lecturing on Fisheries and Aquaculture Development; International Project and Education Management to Master’s level students and Green Biotechnology and Global Food Security at post-graduate level. Before and in between his university career, he has worked abroad for well over 30 years in Africa, South America and Central and Southeast Asia mainly with the African Development Bank and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). He started his FAO career in Colombia in 1974 and retired from the organization in Uruguay 2007. During the five South American years, he had an excellent opportunity to visit and study the tropical rainforests and river basins, especially in Brazil and Colombia.

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Book chapters authored 7

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