About the book
Amazonia is the largest continuous river basin and rainforest ecosystem in the world. Amazon river basin covers 7 million square km of which 5.5 million are covered by the rainforest belonging to nine nations: Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. This rainforest was formed during the Eocene era (from 56 million to 34 million years ago). There have been many climate fluctuations during the 55 million years, but never before are "the lungs of the world" at bigger risk than now due to uncontrolled fires, expanding agriculture and heavy industrial development in the forms of oil drilling, mining and hydroelectric dams. Some politicians are accusing the nine owner nations of not doing enough to save half of the planet's remaining rainforests but due to the global importance, it would be better to see the protection as a common task of all human beings.
This book aims to present both the anthropological, biological and industrial problems but also to seek the best solutions to solve these problems. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazonia constituting the largest collection of living plants and animals. The danger is now that we will lose a large part of this biodiversity even before knowing all species that existed in that vast and little-studied area. This book will present the most urgent research needs in relation to biodiversity.