About the book
Nanoscience and the nanotechnology field will continue to grow due to the numerous benefits in our daily lives including human health, environmental safety, and device engineering. Over the past thirty years, low-dimensional structures such as wells, wires, and dots have been the focus of interest in materials science. In this material class, confinement of electrons, holes, and excitations in certain directions leads to dramatic changes in electronic, vibrational, optical, thermal, and chemical properties. Unique properties of low-dimensional crystals stem from quantum effects that emerge when at least one of the three dimensions of the crystal is reduced to a sufficiently small size, generally in the range from 1 to 100 nm.
While two-dimensional (2D) thin crystals limit the physical phenomena into a plane, in a one-dimensional (1D) quantum structure (nanowires, nanotubes, and nanoribbons (NRs)), charge carriers and excitations have only one degree of freedom. These crystal structures have been the focus of interest due to their unique properties such as the very high electronic density of states, enhanced exciton binding energy, diameter-dependent bandgap, increased surface scattering for electrons and phonons, and chirality-dependent electronic band structure.
Nanoribbons (NRs), made of single- or few-atom-thick lamellar crystals, are novel forms of 1D nanoscale materials and are ideal systems for investigation of the size and dimensionality dependence of the fundamental properties. After the successful synthesis of many 2D monolayer materials, their 1D NR form came into prominence due to their necessity in nanoscale applications. In this context, this book will cover the synthesis techniques, characterization methods, fundamental properties, and state-of-the-art applications on NRs of recent 1D/2D materials such as graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) (MoS2, WS2, ReS2, and TiSe2), mono-chalcogenides (GaS, GaSe, ZnSe, and SnSe), tri-chalcogenides (TiS3 and ZrS3), black phosphorus, group-IV, III–V binary compounds, superstructures and so on. The proposed book is intended for academia, professionals, scientists and Graduate & Undergraduate students without any geographical limitations.