Open access peer-reviewed Edited Volume

Learning Disabilities

Sandro Misciagna

Ospedale di Belcolle

Dr. Sandro Misciagna received his degree in medicine at the Catholic University in Rome. As a clinician, he has worked in different neurological departments in Italian hospitals, Alzheimer’s clinics, neuropsychiatric clinics, and neurological rehabilitative departments as the Neurological Department and Stroke Unit of Belcolle Hospital in Viterbo, Italy.


Learning Disability Definition Brain Plasticity Learning Disability Evaluation Learning Disabilities Resources Psychoeducation Evaluation Clinical Features Dyslexia Dysgraphia Dyscalculia Intellectual Disabilities Autism Spectrum Disorders ADHD

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About the book

Learning disabilities are heterogeneous groups of disorders characterized by the presence of failure to acquire, retrieve and use information competently. These disorders have a multifactorial etiology and are most common and severe in children, in particular in children with other chronic health conditions. The prevalence of learning disorders depends on the criteria used to define learning disorders; however different data indicate that lifetime prevalence in children of the USA in about 10 percent.

Core features of learning disabilities consist in prevalent cognitive difficulties even if disorders of reading and writing expressions are the most common forms of learning disorders; more uncommon are math disabilities as dyscalculia.
Prevalence of reading disability among school-age children depends upon the criteria used for definition; however, the prevalence of written expression disorders in estimated to be between 5 and 12 percent, the prevalence of written expression disorders is estimated to be between 7 and 15 percent, while the prevalence of dyscalculia is estimated to be between 3 and 6 percent.

Risk factors for learning disorders are family history, socio-economic conditions, prematurity, presence of other developmental, mental and health conditions (e.g. behavioral disorders, autism, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders), prenatal exposition to neurotoxic agents, genetic disorders, particular medical conditions, history of traumatic brain injury or other neurological conditions.

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Date completed: April 16th 2021

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Deadline for full chapters: July 13th 2021

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Review results due: October 1st 2021

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Expected publication date: November 30th 2021

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About the editor

Sandro Misciagna

Ospedale di Belcolle

Dr. Sandro Misciagna was born in Italy in 1969. He received a degree in medicine in 1995 and another in neurology in 1999 from The Catholic University, Rome. From 1993 to 1995, he was involved in research of cerebellar functions. From 1994 to 2003, he attended the Neuropsychological department involved in research in cognitive and behavioural disorders. From 2001 to 2003, he taught neuropsychology, neurology, and cognitive rehabilitation. In 2003, he obtained a Ph.D. in Neuroscience with a thesis on the behavioural and cognitive profile of frontotemporal dementia. Dr. Misciagna has worked in various neurology departments, Alzheimer’s clinics, neuropsychiatric clinics, and neuro-rehabilitative departments. In November 2016, he began working as a neurologist at Belcolle Hospital, Viterbo, where he has run the epilepsy centre since February 2019.

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Book chapters authored 4

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