About the book
Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation is a trans-disciplinary technique which spans fluid mechanics, mathematical algorithms and computer science. This technique is based on finite difference methods (FDM) and finite element methods (FEM) by iteratively solving the partial differential governing equations. The temporal and spatial solutions from these simulations accurately reproduce the real flow phenomenon, and all the key information of a flow can be captured for further analysis. This alleviates the trouble of measuring the flow information by experimental tests and solves numerous practical problems in the industry with higher precision and much lower cost. CFD simulation is a computation-intensive process. With the accelerative growth of high-performance computers (HPC) in recent decades, CFD has made substantial progress in different fields and has been used in a variety of applications and industries. It is well-known that aerospace, automotive, and turbomachinery industries heavily rely on CFD. Without CFD, the development of these industries would be slower and the investment cost in research and design would have to be significantly boosted. CFD is also widely used in several other areas, such as petroleum physics, chemistry and refinement, water treatment, pharmaceuticals, plumbing, hydraulics, mining, food processing and production, waste management, ship manufacturing, and chemical/biochemical industries. This book intends to offer readers a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-art in CFD applications, facilitating the understanding of CFD functions and expanding its benefits.