A quantitative approach in radiation biology based on the clonogenic method and cell survival curves in various conditions are introduced. The cell survival curves seem to have universality with regard to its functional form; in other words, functional form of survival curve seems to be unchanged under various conditions including different species. Various factors affecting the radiosensitivity have been introduced to find macroscopic nature of living organisms. Mathematical models that describe cell survival curves have been presented for discussing the derivation of the mathematical form based on biological mechanism. Finally, the possibility that the structural change of chromosome affects the repair process is discussed.
Part of the book: Evolution of Ionizing Radiation Research