The number of automobiles has been steadily increasing in cities as a consequence of rapid urbanization and economic growth. It has been widely reported that vehicular emissions are strongly correlated with the level of urban air pollution. The major primary air pollutants that are linked to direct emissions from on‐road vehicles include soot (black carbon), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitric oxide (NO). Human exposure to these air pollutants is of health concern. Therefore, it is important to investigate air pollutants of traffic origin (e.g., BC, CO, and NO) in ambient air at different locations of cities and to assess the effects of vehicles on the urban air quality. With this goal in mind, we carried a systematic study in Singapore (the fourth most densely populated country in the world) with concurrent measurements of BC, NO, and CO in ambient air at four different locations having variations in traffic flows and meteorology. We then assessed the relationship between traffic flows and prevailing levels of the three air pollutants, and studied the association of these air pollutants among each other and with diverse meteorological conditions. The major outcomes of the study are discussed.
Part of the book: Air Quality