Part of the book: Electromotive Force and Measurement in Several Systems
The measured in-plane thermoelectric power (Seebeck coefficient) S ab in YBCO below the superconducting temperature T c ( ∼ 94 K) S ab is negative and T -independent. This is shown to arise from the fact that the “electrons” (minority carriers) having heavier mass contribute more to the thermoelectric power. The measured out-of-plane thermoelectric power S c rises linearly with the temperature T . This arises from moving bosonic pairons (Cooper pairs), the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of which generates a supercurrent below T c . The center of mass of pairons moves as bosons. The resistivity ρ ab above T c has T -linear and T -quadratic components, the latter arising from the Cooper pairs being scattered by phonons.
Part of the book: Advanced Thermoelectric Materials for Energy Harvesting Applications