Osteomyelitis in neonates is relatively uncommon, but burdened with an increased hospital stay and possible long‐term sequelae if not diagnosed on time. It differs from that of older children for etiology, clinical and radiological findings, and treatment. Due to anatomic contiguity, osteomyelitis may coexist with septic arthritis. Soft‐tissue swelling or joint effusion is often associated. Our aim is to review the literature to provide the most recent data related to epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcome.
Part of the book: Selected Topics in Neonatal Care