Part of the book: Applied Biological Engineering
Part of the book: Osteoarthritis
It is useful to have a quantitative measure of the contact hip stress and other relevant biomechanical parameters. Parameters that correlate with clinically relevant features are sought and relations between these parameters are studied. For this purpose, two different models for the resultant hip force in the one‐legged stance (the primitive model and the HIPSTRESS model) are presented with which the effect of the shape of the pelvis and proximal femora is described. Also, a special case of the primitive model—the simple balance approximation—is considered. All three descriptions are based on the equilibrium of forces of torques and differ by increasing amount of information on the shape of the particular subject. It is shown in a case of normal hip and pelvis geometry that the primitive model gives similar values of biomechanical parameters as the HIPSTRESS model that was validated by clinical studies. The primitive model (but not the simple balance approximation) merits to minimal standards to be used for understanding of the principles of the equilibrium of the forces and torques in the one‐legged stance and can in certain cases (such as the one shown) also yield a valid quantitative estimation of the biomechanical parameters.
Part of the book: Developmental Diseases of the Hip