Part of the book: Understanding Tuberculosis
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is becoming a major threat to public health. It is imperative to find new therapeutic interventions to fight pathogens. Thus, deciphering host-pathogen interactions may allow defining targets for new strategies for effective treatments of infectious diseases. This chapter focuses on the bacterial manipulation of the host cell actin cytoskeleton. We discuss three infectious processes. The first is pathogen establishment of infection/invasion, explaining cellular uptake pathways that rely on actin, such as phagocytosis and macropinocytosis. The second process focus on the establishment of a replication niche, a process that subverts cytoskeletal functions associated with membrane trafficking namely phagosome maturation and cellular innate immune responses. Finally, pathogen dissemination is an emerging field that microfilaments have shown to participate: pathogen motility through the cytoplasm and from cell-to-cell or on the outer surface of the plasma membrane mimicking a receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathway that helps the projection of pathogens to neighboring cells. It also establishes a connection with the innate immunity related with induction of cell signaling to inflammation, inflammasome activation, and programmed cell death. These studies revealed several potential targets related to actin cytoskeleton manipulation to design new therapeutic strategies for bacterial infections.
Part of the book: Cytoskeleton