Part of the book: Arc Welding
This chapter covers first the precipitation and coarsening processes in Fe-Ni-Al alloys aged artificially at high temperatures, as well as their effect on the mechanical properties. These results show the precipitation evolution, morphology of precipitates, coarsening kinetics and mechanical properties such as hardness. Additionally, the effect of alloying elements such as copper and chromium is also studied on the precipitation and coarsening processes. The main results of this section are concerning on the coarsening kinetics and its effect on hardness. Besides, the diffusion couple method is employed to study the precipitation and coarsening process in different Fe-Ni-Al alloy compositions, as well as its effect on the hardness. All the above aspects of precipitation and coarsening are also supported with Thermo-Calc calculations.
Part of the book: Superalloys
This chapter is focused on the application of the phase-field method to the analysis of phase decomposition during the isothermal aging of alloys. The phase-field method is based on a numerical solution of either the nonlinear Cahn-Hilliard equation or the Cahn-Allen equation. These partial differential equations can be solved using the finite difference method among other numerical methods. The phase-field method has been applied to analyze different types of phase transformations in alloys, such as phase decomposition, precipitation, recrystallization, grain growth, solidification of pure metals and alloys, martensitic transformation, ordering reactions, and so on. One of the main advantages of phase-field method is that this method permits to follow the microstructure evolution in two or three dimensions as the time of phase transformations progresses. Thus, the morphology, size, and size distribution could be determined to follow their corresponding growth kinetics. Additionally, the evolution of chemical composition can also be followed during the phase transformations. Furthermore, both Allen-Cahn and Cahn-Hilliard equations can be solved simultaneously to analyze the presence of ordered phases or magnetic domains in alloys.
Part of the book: Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences