Nuray Balkis

Dr. Çaglar was born in Istanbul, Turkey. She is a chemical Engineer and has been affiliated with the Institute of Marine Sciences and Management of Istanbul University since 1994. She holds lectures in Marine Pollution, Chemical Oceanography, New Research in Chemical Oceanography and Chemical Oceanography of Marmara Sea, Black Sea and Mediterrenean Sea. Her Research Interestes include water quality parameters measurements such as : dissolved oxygen, total suspended solid, dissolved hydrogen sulphide, pH, biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand; total and particulate organic carbon and nitrogen changes in marine system; metal pollution in sea water, biota and sediments; petroleum pollution in sea water, biota and sediments; biojeochemical cycles and Enrichment Factor (EF) in marine system and atmospheric pollution. I have 60 international publications about marine pollution and environmental pollution. She received the \"Best Invention Gold Medal Award\" from IFIA International Federation of Intersection Associations, the KIWIE2017 \"Gold Medal Award\" and the \"Macedonia Special Gold Medal Award\" in the Science and Technology Fair.

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Water pollution is a major global problem that requires ongoing evaluation and revision of water resource policy at all levels (from international down to individual aquifers and wells). It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily. In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing countries, industrialized countries continue to struggle with pollution problems as well. Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support a human use, such as drinking water, and/or undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities, such as fish. Natural phenomena such as volcanoes, algae blooms, storms, and earthquakes also cause major changes in water quality and the ecological status of water. Most water pollutants are eventually carried by rivers into the oceans.

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