The use of bone graft in orthopaedic surgeries has become essential in many situations in which there is a bone defect. This includes bone tumour procedures, fracture operations where there was a loss of bone tissue and revision arthroplasty surgeries. In this chapter, we will introduce aspects related to history of bone transplantation, the biological and mechanical aspects, as well sterilization, transmission of infectious diseases and biological safety, and concluding, the functioning of tissue banks and screening of musculoskeletal tissue donors.
Part of the book: Bone Grafting
Hip replacement is one of the most performed surgical procedures in orthopedic hip surgery. Through this surgery, the patient returns to most of his normal life and a life without pain. The primary indication for a hip arthroplasty remains osteoarthritis (OA). OA is a degenerative disease that affects synovial joints. A successful surgery is always preceded by good planning. The planning in turn takes into account the analysis of the patient and his physical examination and the radiological image. But also, the surgical planning must take into account another important factor, the choice of the surgical approach. In this chapter, the authors script a revision on the history of hip arthroplasty, total hip arthroplasty approaches, implant types, complications associated with hip arthroplasty, outcomes, and perspectives to the future. We wish you a good reading.
Part of the book: Hip Surgeries