Dr. Angelo Carpi is a clinical professor of medicine and Director of the Division of Male Infertility of the Department of Reproduction and Aging in the Pisa University Medical School, Pisa, Italy. He earned his M.D. and postgraduate degrees in internal medicine and nuclear medicine from the University of Pisa, as well as a diploma of qualification on peptide hormones from the Collegio Medico Giuridico-Scuola Normale Superiore and the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy. He is the author of about 300 publications, member of editorial boards of the international journals Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy and Frontiers in Bioscience and organizer of 52 scientific meetings and editor of 20 books often including nephrologic aspects. Additional information at www.carpimed.it.