Part of the book: Soil Erosion
Part of the book: Research on Soil Erosion
This work analyses changes in the River Beça basin streamflow, an area with a typically Mediterranean climate, since the second half of the last century, evaluating trends in annual, monthly and extreme streamflow in the River Beça basin and relating them to precipitation variability and changes in land use and vegetation. Annual streamflow and precipitation are highly irregular, both in intra and inter annual terms. During the period analysed, which covers the last six decades, a consistent negative trend was observed, both in mean annual streamflow and amount of annual precipitation. The results also demonstrate that precipitation greatly influences streamflow dynamics, accounting for around 85% of the variability observed in mean annual streamflow. In addition, the results show that the changes detected in land use/cover may have affected the water discharges of the river, although it is difficult to evaluate the magnitude of impact. The findings demonstrate that the impacts of climate variability and land use/cover change on streamflow are challenging and crucial to the management of water resources in Mediterranean river basins.
Part of the book: River Basin Management