Graduated in medicine in 1956. Two years in pharmacology and physiology. 23 years in Faculty of Ophthalmology,Medical College Amritsar (India). Running own hospital since 1985. Past President of Indian Ophthalmology Society 1998, Founder President of Indian Intra-ocular Implant and Refractive Society 1982. Doing glaucoma surgery since 1960. Pretabecular Filtration presented at OSUK in 1958, Transciliary Filtration For Intractable Glaucoma at OSUK in 1979, Microtrephine for glaucoma at International Congress 1986, Erbium laser for glaucoma presented at Indian meetings 1994 to 1998, Fugo blade Transciliary Filtration at American College of Eye Surgeons 2001. Developing glaucoma surgery techniques with Fugo blade since 2000. Studying conjunctival lymphatics since 2000.