The author teaches physiology at The Howard University College of Medicine. He has authored/co-authored more than 70 scientific articles. His research on obesity,identified physiological correlates of heart rate variability. His report on nicotine was of great help with developing the first smoke-free workplace in the US federal government. He developed the first database on antidotes to chemical and biological warfare agents, the first curriculum used to train physicians on chemical casualty care for the Persian Gulf War,and the first minority neuroscience fellowship program sponsored by the international Society for Neuroscience. He served as an evaluator for the National Institute of Mental Health’s Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness program, and as a consultant at the National Institute of Drug Abuse on AIDS cofactors. He also helped with the development of the first doctor assistant training program in sub-Saharan Africa,Ethiopia, as well as biomedical curricula for the National University of Rwanda after the execution of many of it’s professors during the Rwandan genocide.