Dr. Giorgio Lofrese is a neurosurgeon specializing in cranio-cervical junction diseases and minimally invasive brain and spine surgeries. He is currently a permanent neurosurgeon at the Bufalini Hospital in Cesena, and a consultant neurosurgeon at the State Hospital of the Republic of San Marino. He holds a Ph.D. in neuroscience and neuro-technologies. Formerly a resident at the Catholic University in Rome, he completed his training in Milan, Bologna, and New York, concluding it in Curitiba with an AOSpine clinical fellowship. He has been awarded the European Young Researcher Award (AOSpine) and the Young Neurosurgeon Award (WFNS). In 2021, Dr. Lofrese created a new app for iPads, Spine Fine©, for evaluating hand function impairment/recovery in patients with cervical spinal cord injury.