Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in biomedical applications is a significant issue related to the user’s life safety, especially in implantable medical devices. Cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative disorders are the main chronic disease worldwide that rely on implantable treatment devices such as cardiac pacemakers and vagus nerve stimulators. Both devices must have high EMC to avoid electromagnetic interference-induced health risks, even death during the treatment. Thus, it is important to understand how EMI can affect implantable devices and proactively protect devices from electromagnetic interference, providing reliable and safe implantable device therapy. To this end, this chapter comprehensively introduces the clinical issues and provides EMC requirements for the implantable device such as a cardiac pacemaker and vagus nerve stimulator. The significance of this chapter is to present the EMC important issues in medical engineering that can help to evolve reliable and secure implantable device development in the future.
Part of the book: Recent Topics in Electromagnetic Compatibility
Wireless power transmission (WPT) can provide an alternative for wireless power in implantable medical devices (IMDs). The WPT in implantable medical devices will involve many emerging biomedical topics, such as implantable pacemakers, optogenetic devices, and bio-impedance sensors. To this end, this chapter comprehensively reviews the recent WPT studies for those mentioned above emerging biomedical applications. The specific key components are carried out for those applications. Besides, the operation principle and system design are presented. In conclusion, this chapter’s significance can help evolve reliable implantable device development in the future.
Part of the book: Recent Microwave Technologies