Reforming of CO2 and CH4 into syngas (mixture of H2/CO) can be an economical way to reduce anthropogenic emission of CO2 and CH4 and to generate alternative fuel. Up to date, catalysis and nonthermal plasma are two feasible techniques for CO2/CH4 reforming. However, both techniques face some obstacles which limit their applications. For catalysis, high energy consumption and catalyst deactivation are the major disadvantages while nonthermal plasma has the drawbacks of low selectivity and unwanted byproduct formation. To overcome the above obstacles, combining catalyst and nonthermal plasma as a hybrid system can induce synergistic effects to enhance syngas production rate and stability of the operating system. For the purpose of enhancing CO2 utilization efficiency, understanding the interactions between catalyst and nonthermal plasma is essential.
Part of the book: Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery