Early cancer detection and suitable treatment improve the 5-year survival rates of lung cancer significantly. Many cancer diagnostic approaches have been investigated, including mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, computerized tomography, positron emission tomography and biopsy. However, these techniques have some drawbacks such as expensive and time-consuming. Electromagnetic tomography (EMT) has been proposed as a promising diagnostic tool for lung cancer detection. In addition, developing label-free and cost-effective biosensors for target tumor markers detection have attracted attentions worldwide. This chapter reviews the recently developed EMT and bio-sensing techniques for early-stage lung cancer detection.
Part of the book: State of the Art in Nano-bioimaging