Dr. Brunetto Chiarelli received his degree in Natural Sciences and Biology from the University of Florence in 1958. In 1961., after two-year stay at the Institute of Genetics of Pavia, he was nominated as professor at the University of Turin where up to 1979. he taught Anthropology, Primatology and Human Ecology . In 1979. he moved to the chair of Anthropology in Florence. From 1970. to 1975. he was a Visiting Prof. at the University of Toronto, where he taught Human Evolution and, as expert of human cytogenetics and genetics, took part in the UNESCO project the “Human Adaptability”, on the Eskimo population of Igloolik. He was past President of the European Anthropological Association, and present President of the European Association of Global Bioethics. He is the author of 400 scientific publications concerning problems of genetics, cytogenetics, Primate taxonomy and evolution, biology of present and past human population, and Bioethics. Chiarelli is currently editor in chief for following journals: “ Human Evolution”; “International Journal of Anthropology” and for “Global Bioethics”, a specific journal dealing with the human impact on Nature.