Part of the book: Solar Cells
Existing technologies for conventional high-efficient solar cells consist of vacuum-processed, high cost, sophisticated, and potentially hazardous techniques (POCl3 diffusion, SiNx deposition, etc.) during crystalline silicon solar cell manufacturing. Alternative research studies of non-vacuum and cost-efficient processes for crystalline silicon solar cells are in continuous demand. However, there is not a well understanding of utilizing schemes and the achievable performances for such applications and techniques in solar cell fabrication. This chapter addresses the non-vacuum processes and applications for crystalline silicon solar cells. Such processes including spin coating and screen-printing phosphorus and boron diffusions for the formation of n+ and p+ emitter or back surface fields, spin coating and spray-deposited antireflection coatings for silicon solar cells. Application techniques were explained by combining and comparing experimental results with the calculation and simulations. Consequently, the aim of this chapter is to provide a good understanding of the non-vacuum processes for crystalline solar cells both with simulation and with experimental proves.
Part of the book: New Research on Silicon