Bruno Dallapiccola, M.D, is the Scientific Director of the Pediatric Hospital "Bambin Gesu", Rome, Italy. He is responsible and coordinator of ORPHANET-ITALIA project, a European database of services on rare diseases and orphan drugs funded by the European Commission. He is an expert in Genetics at the â€œConsiglio Superiore di SanitÃ â€ (higher Cabinet of the Italian Ministry of Health), member of the National Committee on Bioethics. He has been appointed by the Italian Ministry of Health expert in the field of rare diseases regarding the projects of cooperation included in the memorandum-agreement between the Italian Ministry of Health and the Department of Health and Human Services of the United States of America. Since 1985, he is coordinating the survey of the genetic diagnostic laboratories and genetic counselling services in Italy, on behalf of the Italian Society of Medical and Human Genetics. Responsible for numerous on-going research projects funded by the Italian Ministry of Health, Italian Ministry of University and Education, European commission and other organizations involving the understanding of the molecular basis of rare diseases, with specific contributions to cytogenetics, and mapping and cloning of human genes. Has received 20 scientific awards. Author and co-author of more than 700 papers on international peer reviewed journals and 14 monographic works. His contributions have been quoted under more than 130 entries in the on line catalog Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM).