This paper discusses an algorithmic approach to constructing trend-free and orthogonally-blocked response surface designs. The constructed designs have the main effects, 2-factor interactions and second-order effects being orthogonal or near-orthogonal to the nuisance factors such as the time-trend or the blocking factors. The paper also provides a catalogue of (near-) trend-free Box–Behnkens designs and orthogonally blocked Box–Behnkens designs arranged in rows and columns.
Part of the book: Response Surface Methodology in Engineering Science
Most screening experiments in chemometrics and science are quantitative, i.e. continuous factors. These factors should be 3-level and the designs for these experiments should also be 3-level. However, popular designs for screening experiments are still Plackett-Burman designs (PBDs) and 2-level fractional factorial designs (FFDs) such as resolution III and resolution IV FFDs. This chapter introduces the conference matrices as an alternative to PBDs and resolution III FFDs and definitive screening designs, a conference matrix-based class of designs, as an alternative to resolution IV FFDs. A table of conference matrices of up to order 32 and examples are also provided for illustration.
Part of the book: Novel Aspects of Gas Chromatography and Chemometrics