Magnetic skyrmions have been subject of growing interest in recent years for their very promising applications in spintronics, quantum computation and future low power information technology devices. In this book chapter, we use the field theory method and coherent spin state ideas to investigate the properties of magnetic solitons in spacetime while focussing on 2D and 3D skyrmions. We also study the case of a rigid skyrmion dissolved in a magnetic background induced by the spin-tronics; and derive the effective rigid skyrmion equation of motion. We examine as well the interaction between electrons and skyrmions; and comment on the modified Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. Other issues, including emergent electrodynamics and hot applications for next-generation high-density efficient information encoding, are also discussed.
Part of the book: Magnetic Skyrmions
In recent years, notable progress has been achieved in the theoretical investigation of quantum systems as computational tools. This has given rise to the development of quantum computing and quantum information, fields that delve into the feasibility of employing quantum systems for information processing objectives. Essential to the manipulation of qubits and the facilitation of quantum computations are quantum gates. Comparable to classical gates, these quantum counterparts are actions designed to alter the state of qubits. Among them are the Hadamard gate, CNOT gate, and Toffoli gate, each imbued with distinct functionalities that collectively enrich the repertoire of quantum computation tools. As we progress through this chapter, we embark on a journey that unveils the complexities of quantum communication. From the foundational concepts of quantum mechanics to the advanced realms of quantum teleportation, we have witnessed the potency of quantum entanglement to teleport quantum states. Furthermore, we have delved into the practical implementation of circuits using Qiskit, gaining a grasp of the art of orchestrating qubit operations, measurements, and corrections. Standing at the convergence of the quantum and classical realms, this chapter aims to provide a comprehensive perspective, exposing the intricate web of quantum communication and computing, while paving the way for a future in which quantum technologies redefine the boundaries of the achievable.
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