Increasing energy demand urge the developing countries to consider different types of energy sources. Owing the fact that the energy production capacity of renewable energy sources is lower than a nuclear power plant, developed countries like US, France, Japan, Russia and China lead to construct nuclear power plants. These countries compensate 80% of their energy need from nuclear power plants. Further, they periodically conduct tests in order to assess the safety of the existing nuclear power plants by applying impact type loads to the structures. In this study, a sample third-generation nuclear reactor building has been selected to assess its seismic behavior and to observe the crack propagations of the prestressed outer containment. First, a 3D model has been set up using ABAQUS finite element program. Afterwards, modal analysis is conducted to determine the mode shapes. Nonlinear dynamic time history analyses are then followed using an artificial strong ground motion which is compatible with the mean design spectrum of the previously selected ground motions that are scaled to Eurocode 8 Soil type B design spectrum. Results of the conducted nonlinear dynamic analyses are considered in terms of stress distributions and crack propagations.
Part of the book: Structural Integrity and Failure