Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the most common cause of death worldwide. As arterial as venous thrombosis are major cause’s morbidity and mortality. There is an exponential increase in the risk of arterial and venous thrombotic events with age, gender, smoking habits, diet type etc. The association of arterial and venous thrombosis and ABO histo-blood group is well established. Our research aim was to find a possible relationship between age, gender, smoking habit, ABO, Rh, Kell, MN blood group and arterial thrombosis in the example of the Georgian population. The study material comprised the blood samples of 100 patients with arterial thrombosis. Also, control (donor) groups were studied. The Control group included individuals without cardiovascular disease during the 2019–2020 periods. They were asymptomatic, healthy persons. The immunoserological express method with universal monoclonal antibodies ware used. 77% of the studied patients were males. The majority of patients were over the 60 years old. 35% of our studied patients are non-smoker, 39% are ex-smoker, and 26% are active smokers. A similar distribution has the ABO and Rh phenotypes in patients and donors. M+ N+ (MN) the phenotype is relatively high in the patient group to comparing to donors. Kell antigen prevalence was relatively high in studied patients. Our study has shown maleness as a higher risk factor for arterial thrombosis. The smokers have a more predicted chance for arterial thrombosis. K+ phenotype and M+ N+ characteristics are a high prevalence in patients. There is no correlation between ABO and Rh blood groups with arterial thrombosis.
Part of the book: Erythrocyte