Dissolution mass transfer of trapped phase (TP) to flowing phase (FP) in porous media plays significant roles in hydrogeology, e.g., groundwater contamination by non-aqueous phase liquids, groundwater in-situ bioremediation, and geological carbon sequestration. In this chapter, this phenomenon is described. First, the physical and mathematical models are given. Afterwards, various conditions affecting this process, i.e., porous media characteristics, capillary trapping characteristics, flow bypassing, TP characteristics, and FP velocity, are discussed. These various conditions are described based on three parameters affecting the dissolution mass transfer: TP interfacial area (A), TP dissolution ratio (ξ), and mass transfer coefficient (k). Eventually, models to predict the mass transfer are formulated based on non-dimensional model. All of the data in this chapter are based on the experiments obtained by using micro-tomography and a series of image processing techniques from our latest works.
Part of the book: Porous Fluids