The forest area of Assam State is known for its rich biodiversity. In the present study, the disturbance regime within the Assam forest area caused by periodic flood and forest fire, was assessed using the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) time-series (2001–2011) data. The MODIS Global Disturbance Index (MGDI) images were generated using MODIS derived Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) images. The temporal intensity of flood and forest fire in sixteen representative forests was analyzed to develop the MGDI based thresholds for detecting the disturbed area. The threshold for the non-instantaneous disturbance, i.e. flood, was found to be 107% whereas it was 111% for instantaneous disturbance, i.e. forest fire. The thresholds were applied on the MGDI images to delineate disturbed caused by flood and fire, separately for each year. The time-series disturbance areas were integrated over the years (2001–2011) to generate the classified disturbance prone maps.
Part of the book: Remote Sensing