Slope failures lead to loss of life and damage to property. Slope instability of natural slope depends on natural and manmade factors such as excessive rainfall, earthquakes, deforestation, unplanned construction activity, etc. Manmade slopes are formed for embankments and cuttings. Steepening of slopes for construction of rail/road embankments or for widening of existing roads is a necessity for development. Use of geosynthetics for steep slope construction considering design and environmental aspects could be a viable alternative to these issues. Methods developed for unreinforced slopes have been extended to analyze geosynthetic reinforced slopes accounting for the presence of reinforcement. Designing geosynthetic reinforced slope with minimum length of geosynthetics leads to economy. This chapter presents review of literature and design methodologies available for reinforced slopes with granular and marginal backfills. Optimization of reinforcement length from face end of the slope and slope - reinforcement interactions are also presented.
Part of the book: Slope Engineering