Single mode optical fiber operation for long haul distance communication media has rapidly developed. Several efforts are implemented to reduce and control the attenuation and absorption of signal propagation. However, fiber parameters still experienced interference with internal and external factors that result birefringence and polarization mode dispersion such as bending power losses, signal widening and increasing wavelengths. In order to reduce and optimize the interference which is experimentally difficult to demonstrate because of the very long fibers hence a numerical simulation is set with perspective of twisted fiber disorder as a function of wavelengths and fiber geometry. The simulation evaluates the various refractive indices, radius of fibers and wavelength sources. The quality of optical fiber interference can be identified from the twisted power losses values with different variations of twisted radius. This model obtained indicates the greatest power losses occurring as a function of radius, refractive indices and wavelength. The results show that normalized frequency value has important role in determining the effectiveness the optical fiber performance and stability of power deliver. The addition of wavelength can affect the fibers experiencing birefringence and polarization mode dispersion occurring at wavelength of telecommunication regimes.
Part of the book: Application of Optical Fiber in Engineering