The current and future wireless communication systems demand for higher data rates, enhanced quality of service and more channel capacity. Since Federal Communications Commission (FCC) allocated the unlicensed frequency spectrum from 3.1 to 10.6 GHz for commercial applications in the year 2002, Ultra-Wideband (UWB) technology has attained considerable attention because of its inherent features like high data rate, more channel capacity, extremely less power consumption and low cost. However, for UWB systems, multipath fading and frequency interference are the two significant issues that requires further investigation. In recent times, Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technology has gained much attention in wireless communication as it exploits multipath to increase the communication range and link quality. Thus, MIMO technology is a promising solution for mitigating multipath fading in UWB system. However, accommodating multiple antennas with less mutual coupling between them in portable devices is always a challenging task for antenna designers. UWB system could easily interfere with existing narrowband communication system such as Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). So, the design of an ultra-wideband antenna with integrated frequency notching function is a good solution to suppress the frequency interference and to reduce the complexity of the UWB system instead of using a conventional filter. In this chapter, compact isolation-enhanced planar UWB-MIMO antenna with single band-notched characteristics is presented.
Part of the book: Innovations in Ultra-Wideband Technologies