Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) is the most popular controller that is commonly used in wide industrial applications due to its simplicity to realize and performance characteristics. This technique can be successfully applied to control the behavior of single-input single-output (SISO) systems. Extending the using of PID controller for complex dynamical systems has attracted the attention of control engineers. In the last decade, hybrid control strategies are developed by researchers using conventional PID controllers with other controller techniques such as Linear Quadratic Regulator (LQR) controllers. The strategy of the hybrid controller is based on the idea that the parameters of the PID controller are calculated using gain elements of LQR optimal controller. This chapter focuses on design and simulation a hybrid LQR-PID controller used to stabilize elevation, pitch and travel axes of helicopter system. An improvement in the performance of the hybrid LQR-PID controller is achieved by using Genetic Algorithm (GA) which, is adopted to obtain best values of gain parameters for LQR-PID controller.
Part of the book: Control Based on PID Framework