Fake news has become one of the typical features of modern mass media. Researchers usually associate the dissemination of fake news with political, economic problems, with an obvious violation of civil rights and freedoms. But with this approach, several significant points are missed. Firstly, for people and society is significant the news of the “simple” spheres of life. Mass media has long been invaded to these sphere and its life forms, for example, through the genres of reality, largely lifestyle. Secondly, the social-everyday sphere is extremely saturated with various places of formation and existence of common senses, about which J.-L. Nancy. The introduction of fake news in them will inevitably lead to the revolution of everyday life, which A. Heller was thinking about. But it will be a deliberately made, artificial revolution of everyday life, built on the soft and strong manipulation of emotions, moods. Thirdly, fake news cannot be limited to the typological series of deception, misinformation, fake, forgery. Such news in the social-everyday sphere, initially, is based on the lightweight and simplified truth about a particular event, phenomenon, methods and possibilities of achieving the desired result. This determines the following objectives of the article. First of all, substantiate the importance of researching entertainment programs from the point of view of fake news and information. To prove that playing of the various types lightweight and simplified world in reality TV is an effective version of the modern type of propaganda, which leads to irreversible deformations of social-everyday reality and dominant patterns of behavior. Thus, fake news introduces into the world of a person, a social group, a society, it would seem, insignificant distortions, small erroneous ideas about reality. But, this leads to serious socio-cultural, worldview consequences.
Part of the book: Fake News Is Bad News
In today’s media communications, due to several objective factors, the media text is undergoing radical changes. Media text is increasingly filled with and oriented towards the sounding, living word in its essence and a culture of audiality. Audiality in media text makes the most of the achievements and language of the culture of emotional turn, which should be taken into account when analyzing media text and the media process. All this leads to a change in the status of reality, the human being, and the culture of understanding, which is also important for journalism and media communication in general, especially given the growth of non-verbal components in the media text. Media texts in which the auditory principle is strong have hardly become the subject of independent study. In this connection, two urgent tasks are central. It is important to justify, firstly, the living word as a key concept for describing audiality in media texts; secondly, the theoretical foundations and principles of the study of audiality in media texts.
Part of the book: Journalism