Oxidoreductases comprise of a large group of enzymes catalyzing the transfer of electrons from an electron donor to an electron acceptor molecule, commonly taking nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) as cofactors. Research on the potential applications of oxidoreductases on the growth of oxidoreductase-based diagnostic tests and better biosensors, in the design of inventive systems for crucial coenzymes regeneration, and in the creation of oxidoreductase-based approaches for synthesis of polymers and oxyfunctionalized organic substrates have made great progress. This chapter focuses on biocatalytic applications of oxidoreductases, since many chemical and biochemical transformations involve oxidation/reduction processes, developing practical applications of oxidoreductases has long been a significant target in biotechnology. Oxidoreductases are appropriate catalysts owing to their biodegradability, specificity and efficiency and may be employed as improved biocatalysts to substitute the toxic/expensive chemicals, save on energy/resources consumption, generate novel functionalities, or reduce complicated impacts on environment.
Part of the book: Oxidoreductase