Turmeric root extract was tested as corrosion inhibitor for iron in 0.5 M HCl, using potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope, and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. The inhibition efficiency increases as the time of immersion rises but decreases with temperature rise. The Nyquist plots showed that the charge transfer resistance increases and the double-layer capacitance decreases as the time of immersion increases. Tafel results show that both corrosion current and corrosion speed are reduced with time of immersion. All impedance spectra of EIS tests exhibit one capacitive loop, which indicates that the corrosion reaction is controlled by charge transfer process. Inhibition efficiency increases with the concentration of the inhibitor reaching its maximum value, 88.90%, at 8 g/100 mL. Thermodynamic parameters, Ea, ∆H*, and ∆S*, were estimated, and the mechanism of corrosion and inhibition was discussed. The adsorption of turmeric root extract followed Langmuir adsorption isotherm.
Part of the book: Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy